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Legends of the Celts

Qualilty Crafted Items from Ireland, Scotland, England, Wales,
Cornwall, U.S. and other Celtic Nations

FJMI - Quality Assurance.... What it Means to You.

The Federation of Jewellery Manufacturers of Ireland (FJMI) was established in 1963 to coordinate the manufacture of jewelry in Ireland.  Its members undertake to carry on the ancient tradition of jewelry making and, as a customer, you can be assured that the item you purchase, which has been made by one of our members, has been crafted with care and pride.

Member companies of the FJMI adhere to a strict Code of Ethics including the following:

  1. To comply with all Irish and United States of America Government laws and regulations relevant to jewelry and related industries.
  2. Not to Trade in Conflict Diamonds

 

Precious Metal

Gold, Silver and Platinum are all considered to be precious metals.  Gold and Silver deposits are widely distributed in varying quantities throughout the world and have been highly prized for thousands of years.  Many different civilizations discovered and used these metals to produce jewelry and decorative objects.  The Ardagh Chalice (circa 900 - 899 AD), the Tara Brooch ( circa 700 AD) and the Cross of Cong (circa 1120 AD) are beautiful  examples of early metalwork in Ireland and can be seen at the National Museum in Dublin.Gold and Silver in their purest forms are not suitable for the manufacture of  jewelry, they are alloyed with other metals usually copper and zinc in order to make it possible to work with them.  This mix of alloys also establishes the standards.
  • 10K Gold for example has 417 gold parts per 1000
  •  14K Gold has 585 gold parts per 1000
  • 18K Gold has 750 parts per 1000

 The balances are made up of the alloys mentioned above.




Care

 You should carefully store your precious metal jewelry when not in use,  preferably in a lined jewelry box.  Silver items can tarnish when left exposed to the atmosphere.  Other common caused of tarnishing are human perspiration which is high in Sodium Chloride (salt), perfume, shampoo and deodorant sprays.Jewelry should be professionally cleaned and checked periodically and handled with care at all times.  Cleaning your Jewelry - You can make your own jewelry cleansing solution by combining 2 tbsp of mild dishwashing liquid to 1 quart of warm water.  Soak jewelry for 10 - 20 minutes to soften and loosen any residue or dirt.  Gently brush the top, sides, and bottom of the piece with a very soft brush to remove the softened residue.  Use a toothpick to reach tiny crevices.  Rinse with clean water.  Thoroughly dry with a soft cloth.  Leave jewelry on a towel for an extended period of time to ensure that it's completely dry.  Jewelry with gemstones are better cleaned professionally so as not to compromise their settings.


Hallmarks

Hallmarking is the oldest form of consumer protection.  A hallmark is your guarantee that the Irish Jewelry you are purchasing has been tested at the Assay Office in Dublin, Castle, located in Dublin, Ireland.  The purpose of these tests is to establish that this precious metal item is of the standard advertised.  Only then is the hallmark applied to the article. What you will see on the standard Irish Hallmark:  

  • A standard mark certifying the precious metal content.
  • The fineness stated as parts per thousand or as karatage.
  • The location of the A Sponsor's mark, indicating the manufacturer of the piece. Assay Office responsible for certifying the article.

 Hallmarking as a practice has been in existence in Ireland since 1637 and all jewelry items from Ireland must, by law, bear a Hallmark.

In the USA 10Kt is the minimum standard that may be described as gold.  Sterling Silver, which is .925 parts Silver, is the silver standard in America.






Diamonds

One of the earth's most beautiful treasures, a diamond gift is a gift for life.  When choosing diamonds you should consider the four C's.

  • Cut: refers to the proportions, polish and symmetry of the diamond.  Diamonds that have been cut with skill exhibit beautiful brilliance and sparkle, reflecting and refracting light through the many individual facets that shape the diamond.
  • Color:  The vast majority of polished gem-quality diamonds are 'White' or Cape diamonds, these range from colorless to yellowish brown.  Diamonds are graded from D to Z.  D,E,F are colorless, G,H,I,J are nearly colorless, K,L,M are Faint etc.
  • Clarity:  refers to a diamond's level of purity.  Almost all diamonds come to the surface of the earth with tiny birthmarks or inclusions.  The clarity of a diamond is determined by the amount and location of these when viewed under 10x magnification.
  • Carat:  is the term used for diamond weight.  One carat is 100 points, a half a carat is 50 points.  As the carat weight of a diamond increases so too does its rarity and value.

 

And don't forget the 5th C !!!
                 Celtic Heritage!  May your choice of jewelry bring you endless joy and happiness, may you wear it with pride in its origins and love its natural beauty.